Location and size
Homa Bay County lies between latitude 0o15’ South and 0o52’ South, and between longitudes 34o East and 35o East. The county covers an area of 4,267.1 Km2 inclusive of the water surface which on its own covers an area of 1,227 km2. The county is located in South Western Kenya along Lake Victoria where it boarders Kisumu and Siaya counties to the North, Kisii and Nyamira counties to the East, Migori County to the South and Lake Victoria and the Republic of Uganda to the West.
Physiographic & Natural Condtions
The county is divided into two main relief regions namely the lakeshore lowlands and the upland plateau with a number of rivers namely Awach Kibuon, Awach Tende, Maugo, Kuja, Rangwe and Riana rivers, most of which originates from Kisii and Nyamira counties. Climate is inland equatorial, with temperatures ranging from a mean annual minimum of 17.1°C to a mean maximum of 34.8°C, with rainfall amounts of between 250mm and 700mm per annum.
Administrative Units & Political Units
Homa Bay County has eight parliamentary constituencies and 40 electoral wards. According to the 2009 census, Homa Bay County had 428,911 persons who had attained the voting age of 18 years, representing 41.7 per cent of the total county population. This eligible voter population is projected to have reached 449,319 persons (or 46.6 per cent) of the total county population in 2012.
Based on projections from the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census, Homa Bay County has an estimated population of 1,038,858 persons consisting of 498,472 males and 540,386 females by the end of the year 2012. This population is projected to rise to 1,177,181persons in 2017. Of this total, 564,843 will be males while 612,338 will be females.